BobMoCo Middle-earth Glossary

Spirits and Creatures in LoTR

~ Benign Spirits ~ Ents ~ Wizards ~ Birds ~ Horses ~ Fell Spirits ~ Orcs ~ Trolls ~ Other Creatures ~ Higher Spirits ~
~   Benign Spirits   ~
Tom Bombadil Forn, Orald Iarwain Ben-adar (Oldest and Fatherless). Spirit of Earth and Woods. Lives with Goldberry in the Old Forest
Goldberry River-daughter Spirit of Water and Flowers. Tom Bombardil's wife in the Old Forest
  Exactly what types of spirit Tom and Goldberry are is open to interpretation. Some regard them as
  enigmas, others as Maiar spirits, or maybe two of the Valar - Aulë and Yavanna
~   Ents   ~
The Onodrim / Shepherds of the Trees. Spirits created to look after the trees of Middle-earth
Beechbone   An Ent burned by Saruman at Isengard
Bregalad Quickbeam A hasty Ent
Fangorn Treebeard Chief Ent in the Forest of Fangorn, north of Rohan
Fimbrethil Wandlimb An Entwife. Treebeard's sweetheart before the Entwives left
Finglas Leaflock An old sleepy, tree-ish Ent
Fladrif Skinbark An old Ent, wounded by Saruman's Orcs in the tree-felling
(Huorns are Ents who have become tree-like, but remain mobile)
~   Wizards   ~
Gandalf Mithrandir
Gandalf the Grey
Gandalf Grayhame
Olorin, Tharkun
Gandalf Stormcrow
The Grey Pilgrim
One of the Company of The Ring. Keeper of the Elven-Ring Narya (Ring of Fire).
Chief strategist of the free peoples. Member of the White Council. Friend of Elves, Hobbits, Dwarves and the Northmen.
Treated with suspicion by the leaders of the Men of Gondor and Rohan.
The White Rider / Gandalf The White on his return to Middle-earth after his battle with the Balrog.
Left Middle-earth with the other Ring-Bearers at the end of the Third Age
Radagast The Brown Friend of the animal world, based at Rhosgobel, near Mirkwood
Saruman Saruman The White
Curunir, Sharkey
Head of the White Council until his ambition and alliance with Barad-Dur is unmasked. Based in Orthanc. Killed by Grima
~   Birds   ~
Gwaihir Wind-Lord The Lord of the Eagles. Friend of Gandalf
Landroval   An Eagle. Brother of Gwaihir
Meneldor   An Eagle
Roac   Raven. 153 year-old son of Carc. Ally of Thorin (The Hobbit)
Crebain   Black crows, from Dunland, near Orthanc
~   Horses and Ponies   ~
Arod   Horse of Rohan, ridden by Legolas and Gimli
Asfaloth   Glorfindel's horse, Rivendell
Bill   Pony from Bree, befriended by Sam
Felarof   Eorl of Eotheod's horse. Father of the Mearas
Firefoot   Eomer's horse
Hasufel   Horse loaned to Strider, Rohan
Lumpkin   Tom Bombadil's pony
Roheryn   Aragorn's horse, from the North
Shadowfax   Gangalf's horse, one of the Mearas from Rohan
Snowmane   Theoden's battle-horse. Slain with Theoden
Stybba   Merry's pony in Rohan, as far as Edoras
Windfola   Horse of Rohan, ridden by Dernhelm and Merry
Merry's Ponies Bumpkin,
  and ?
(From Buckland to Bree
  ~ Benign Spirits ~ Ents ~ Wizards ~ Birds ~ Horses ~ Fell Spirits ~ Orcs ~ Trolls ~ Other Creatures ~ Higher Spirits ~  
~   Fell Spirits   ~
Balrog Durin's Bane A Valarauka, which hid under the Misty Mountains at the end of the First Age until the Dwarves dug too deep in Khazad-Dum
Barrow-wights Wights Evil spirits haunting the burial mounds of Numenorean warriors on the Barrow-Downs at Tyrn Gorthad
The Dead Oathbreakers
Sleepless Dead
Unquiet spirits of the Men of The Mountains who failed to keep their oath of loyalty to Gondor made on the Stone of Erech and sided with Sauron. Cursed by Isildur to await, under the Dwimorberg, a summons to fulfill the oath
Lord of the Nazgul Witch-King of Angmar Chief of the Ring-wraiths. Slain by Eowyn and Merry at the Battle of the Pelennor Fields, Gondor
Melkor Morgoth The evil Vala driven out of Arda (the world) in the War of Wrath at the end of the First Age. Sauron's master and inspiration
Nazgul Ring-wraiths,
Ulairi, Black Riders
The wraiths of the nine Kings of Men given Rings of Power by Sauron and enslaved as spirit-servants
Sauron The Necromancer A Maiar spirit. The most powerful servant and Lieutenant of Morgoth / Melkor. Driven from Dol Guldur at the time of the Quest of Erebor, only to re-emerge in Mordor
Shelob   Guardian of the pass at Cirith Ungol. Last child of Ungoliant, an ancient spirit who took shape as a Spider
~   Orcs   ~
Yrch / Gorgun. Bred by Morgoth from captured Elves. Used as slaves and soldiers.
Common orcs were originally unable to tolerate daylight
Azog   Orc who killed Thror in Moria. Later killed by Dain
Bolg   Son of Azog. Leader of the Goblins/Orcs of Mt Gunabad. Slain by Beorn, Battle of Five Armies (The Hobbit)
Gorbag   Uruk Captain, Tower of Cirith Ungol
Gothmog   Lieutenant of Minas Morgul. Deputy to the Lord of the Nazgul
Great Orc Great Goblin Chief Goblin/Orc, in the High Pass through the Misty Mts. Killed by Gandalf (The Hobbit)
Grishnakh   Captain of the orcs of Sauron at Parth Galen. Slain in Rohan
Lagduf   An orc of the Tower of Cirith Ungol
Lugdush   One of the orcs with Ugluk. Slain in Rohan
Mauhur   Leader of a band of Orcs from Mordor. Slain in Rohan
Muzgash   An orc of the Tower of Cirith Ungol
Radbug   An orc of the Tower of Cirith Ungol
Shagrat   Orc Captain, Tower of Cirith Ungol
Snaga "Slave" Lesser Orcs, sneered at by their Captains (Parth Galen and Tower of Cirith Ungol)
Ufthak   A former orc of Minas Morgul, snared by Shelob
Ugluk   Captain of a band of Saruman's Uruks. Slain in Rohan
Uruk-Hai Uruks Great Orcs, bred for fighting by Sauron and able to operate in daylight
~   Trolls   ~
Bert   { Stone-Trolls encountered by Bilbo and co at Trollshaws. Turned to stone (The Hobbit). (See Other Terms for types of Trolls)
Bill William Huggins
~   Other Creatures   ~
Mumak Oliphaunt Animal from Harad. Big as a house, grey as a mouse
Scatha   The Great Worm (Dragon) of Ered Mithrin. Killed by Fram
Smaug The Magnificent The Dragon at Mount Erebor (The Hobbit)
Stone-giants   Somewhat careless hurlers of rocks in the Misty Mountains (The Hobbit)
Wargs   Large unfriendly wolf-like beasts. Normally only found East of the Misty Mts
Some of the background
~ Higher Powers and Spirits ~
Ainur Holy Ones Gods and Godesses (Valar / Valier) who helped Iluvatar create the Earth
Valar Powers of Arda The Ainur who came down to Arda as its Guardians. Their home is Valinor in the land of Aman, in the uttermost West, accessible only to Elves. They also look after the souls of slain Elves and Dwarves
Varda Elbereth, Gilthoniel Queen of the Valier. Creator of the stars, hence the Elves' reverence for her. (Star Queen / Star-Kindler)
Melkor Morgoth The mightiest of the Valar. The equivalent of Satan and Sauron's master. Expelled from Earth by the Valar at the end of the First Age
Maiar   Powerful but lesser spirits than the Valar, brought to Arda as their helpers
Istari Wizards Maiar spirits, five of whom were sent to Middle-earth by the Valar in the Third Age to contest the power of Sauron:
  Saruman (The oldest),   Olorin / Mithrandir (The wisest)  and  Radagast.  Two others went East
Valaraukar Balrogs The Maiar spirits of fire who gave their allegiance to Melkor
For more on the Ainur, Valar and Maiar see the Powers of Arda
~ Benign Spirits ~ Ents ~ Wizards ~ Birds ~ Horses ~ Fell Spirits ~ Orcs ~ Trolls ~ Other Creatures ~

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